Select Abbott Miscellany



Here are some Abbott stories and accounts over the years:

Abbot or Abbott?


Both the Abbot and Abbott surname spellings occurred at an early time.  However, the Abbott spelling may have been more common even then.

Someone who has researched London wills during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries came up with 211 Abbots and Abbotts.  Of that total 195 were Abbotts and only 16 were Abbots.  But the story may have been different outside of London.  The transition from Abbot to Abbott looks there to have occurred later.


Major Lemuel Abbott undertook the same exercise for the early American Abbots and Abbotts and came to the same conclusion as the London researcher – even though he personally would have preferred the single ”t” and always supposed that it was the original form.  The pioneer Abbotts of Concord, New Hampshire generally used the double letter, as can be seen from their signatures
.

George Abbot as Archbishop of Canterbury

George Abbot became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1611 at a time when the court was becoming more Catholic.  In spite of his defense of the Catholic nature of the priesthood, his Puritan instincts often drove him towards a harsh treatment of individual Catholics.  This policy brought about the hatred of the King’s court and of William Laud who was to succeed him as Archbishop.  However, King James himself never forsook Abbot.

In 1621, while hunting in Hampshire, a bolt from his cross-bow aimed at a deer happened to strike one of the keepers who died within an hour.  Abbot was so greatly distressed by the event that he fell into a state of settled melancholia.  His enemies maintained that the fatal issue of this accident disqualified him from his office and argued that, though the homicide was involuntary, the sport of hunting which had led to it was one in which no clerical person should lawfully indulge.

The King had to refer the matter to a commission of ten, which was divided in its opinion.  The King then gave a casting vote in the Archbishop's favor, though signing also a formal pardon or dispensation.  One commentator noted that Abbot was both “the only translator of the 1611 Bible and the only Archbishop of Canterbury ever to kill a human being.”  

Abbot remained Archbishop until his death in 1633.  He was essentially a lame duck Archbishop during this time, being affected by both his unpopularity in court and his increasing ill-health.



The Will of George Abbott


George Abbott, the early emigrant to America, probably came from the town of Bishop’s Stortford in Hertfordshire, and not from Yorkshire as family tradition has suggested.

He is likely to be the son referred to in the will of George Abbott the elder, a yeoman of Stortford, that was made in 1619.

“To my eldest son George Abbott, my table and frame stools, benchboard, and cupboard in the hall of the messuage in Stortford where I dwell, and also the bedstead in the chamber over said room.

To my wife Bridget all my other household stuff, maintenance for life in my said messuage, meat for an aged woman, and an annuity of 40 shillings, out of my said messuage, with lands of eighteen acres, to be paid at the four quarterly feasts, and these bequests are to be in lieu of a dowery; but if she prefers to remove from said messuage and to live elsewhere, then she is to have an annuity of £6 out of my said messuage, in lieu of a dowery.

To my son George Abbott and his heirs my said messuage and lands at my decease, he paying to my wife as aforesaid and also paying to my son Edward Abbott, within one year of my decease £30, so as Marsh of Chrissing, yeoman in Essex (father-in-law to my said son Edward) shall deliver, within six months of my decease, to my said son George an obligation wherein said Marsh shall be bound in £60 to my said son George to pay within one year to my son Edward Abbott £40 of the £50 which he promised on the marriage of his daughter to my son Edward; and if said Marsh fails to pay, then my gift to my son Edward is to be void. If my son George fail to pay the £30 to my son Edward, the latter is to have my croft of three acres, in two parcels, next the commons, called Chalnerscroft or Chalkcroft.

To my daughter Joan (if she happen to be a widow before her two children be of age) £10.  To the two daughters of my daughter Anne (now wife of Mathew Reeve) 20 shillings each at twenty-one or marriage.

All the residue to my son George Abbott, who is to be my sole executor.”


George Abbott's Home in Andover

George Abbott and his bride Hannah went to live in the garrison house in Andover, Massachusettsth at was originally called Cochichawiche.  He had spent two years building this house. It was constructed of heavy hewn or sawed logs with the corners securely fastened.  The eaves were extended out over the walls by two feet or more so that in case of an attack, the defenders could fire down upon the enemy or pour water on a fire if one was started.

Old records indicate that the house stood on a plot of about four acres on the eastside of what is now Court Street in North Andover, a short distance north of the old burial place and meeting house.  In this area, the houses were built close together for protection during Indian attacks.  Later George and Hannah lived in a garrison house on their farm land, two or three miles to the southwest.

During King Philip's War, a band of Indians attacked Andover in 1676.  The villagers fled into the garrisons for protection, George Abbott's house being one of these garrisons.  However, one of George’s sons, Joseph, heard the alarm too late and was killed while working in the fields.

George’s garrison house was the home of the family until 1704 when it was replaced by a structure which later became known as The Old Red House. This replacement was used for many years after his death.  It too in time was torn down and replaced with the first section of a large house which would be owned and occupied by Abbotts for seven generations through George's eldest son, John.  This house was eventually was demolished around 1858.


Sir James Abbott and Abbottabad


Abbottabad took its name from General Sir James Abbott, one of three illustrious sons who became generals of the family of Henry Alexius Abbott, a navy agent and Calcutta merchant.


James was commissioned in the Bengal artillery in 1823.  In 1839 he was sent to negotiate a treaty between Khiva and Russia, signing the terms in St Petersburg in 1840. His memoirs of the Khiva campaign were published in 1843.  He was the commander of the garrison at Hazara during the Sikh War of 1849-50 and held it so tenaciously that he received the thanks of Parliament.

The town of Abbottabad in the Orash valley in NE Pakistan was named after him.  Abbottabad became famous in 2011 as the place where Osama Bin Laden sought refuge before being discovered and killed by American troops there.



Early Abbotts in Newfoundland

Date
Abbott
Location
1705
? Abbott
St. John's (killed by the French)
1706
Thomas Abbott
St. John's
1739
William Abbott
St. John's or Petty Harbour
1765
Richard Abbott
son of Elizabeth Abbott of Bonavista
1791
Stephen Abbott  
Bonavista petitioner
1793 
Richard Abbott
Bay Bulls

The Abbotts of Bonavista probably originated with Matthew Abbott, recorded in the Poor Law settlements of Dorset, who came to Newfoundland as a servant to James Perkins in 1758.  He married Grace Gillette in Newfoundland two years later.



Early Abbotts in South Australia

The Abbott family from Little Addington in Northamptonshire came in stages to Australia.  First it was William who had emigrated to Tasmania in 1827 and encouraged the rest of his family to make the crossing.  Then it was his brother Giles who came with his wife Sarah and their four children on the Buffalo in 1836.  They headed, however, for the new colony of South Australia where they were one of the first arrivals.  Giles was followed one year later by his father Giles Sr, mother, and four more siblings on the John Renwick.

Giles Jr was by trade a stonemason and by 1837 he had built himself and his family a stone house in what is now north Adelaide.  A year later he built on another site a building that was to become the Queens Head Hotel.  The Abbotts ran it for many years until it was sold in 1856.  Today Abbott Lane on the east side of the Queens Head Hotel commemorates the Abbott family.

The Abbotts later moved along the coast to Middleton.  John Abbott, a grandson of Giles Jr, built the Mindacowie Guest House there in 1899.  It still stands and is a local landmark.




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